K. Govardhan , A. N. Grace , R. Sudha ,
 VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
 Government College of Engineering, Bargur, Tamil Nadu, India
Fluid flow in a cylindrical pipe needs to be characterized for various applications. The flow tends to form vortexes or becomes turbulent owing to many factors like inlet angle, inlet velocity, protrusions in the path of flow, etc. This work focuses on studying the characteristic behavior of flow inside a cylindrical pipe with non-laminar flow. It also aims at achieving laminar flow and studies ...
张秀海 , 王琼 , 屈治国 ,
引言 多孔材料能够吸收大量声能且只反射少量声波，因此具有良好的吸声性能而被广泛地用于噪声的控制。梯度多孔材料吸声性能的实验研究已经有所开展，但相应的数值研究却很鲜见。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 的使用 本文分别用3层和6层孔隙度呈等差数列的多孔玻璃丝组合成梯度多孔玻璃丝（图1为由3层不同孔隙度的多孔玻璃丝组成的梯度多孔玻璃丝，空气区域为宽W、高H的矩形，余下区域为多孔玻璃丝区域），并根据 DBM 模型采用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 模拟组合成的梯度多孔玻璃丝的吸声性能。 结果 由图2，梯度多孔玻璃丝（3层）与相同厚度、相同孔隙度普通多孔玻璃丝比较，前者在声音处于低频段情况吸声效果有明显的改善。梯度多孔玻璃丝（3层）和梯度多孔玻璃丝（6层）的吸声系数如图3所示，在 100Hz-400Hz 的低频段，两者吸声系数有较大的误差。 结论 本文采用 DBM ...
所谓近场声学，是相对于远场声学而言。传统的声学理论，通常只研究远离光源或者远离物体的声场分布，一般统称为远场声学。远场声学在原理上存在着一个远场衍射极限，限制了利用远场光学原理进行显微和其它光学应用时的最小分辨尺寸和最小标记尺寸。而近场声学则研究距离光源或物体一个波长范围内的光场分布。在近场声学研究领域，远场衍射极限被打破，分辨率极限在原理上不再受到任何限制，可以无限地小，从而基于近场声学原理可以提高显微成像与其它光学应用时的光学分辨率。 声学超材料自问世之日起就受到了国内外科学家们的广泛追捧，在很多领域都可以看到其踪迹，以声子晶体为代表的声超材料具有很多天然材料所不具备的声学特性，为声学信号处理带来了很多创新的思路和途径。 声超材料的突出特点在于采用尺寸远小于入射波长的人工结构构建出等效参数，利用等效参数实现“小尺寸结构调控大尺寸波长”的目的。 ...
D. Chakravarthii 
 Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Light emitting Diode (LED) has been proved to be the best resource for commercial as well as industrial lighting applications. However, thermal management in high power LEDs is a major challenge in which the thermal resistance (Rth) and rise in junction temperature (TJ) are notable parameters. Heat dissipation in the LED has been partly achieved with the evolution of efficient heat sinks. This ...
I. Claydon , J. Turner , B. Sammakia ,
 Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY, USA
The ubiquitous nature of biofilms has led to a growing need to be able to detect, control, and maintain or remove them. Therefore a robust testing platform that allows for multiple analytical techniques is required to better understand their multitude of properties. The development of the self-contained microfluidic-based electrochemical cell portion of a multifaceted analysis system is ...
A. Giaccherini , E. Berretti , S. Martinuzzi , S. Caporali ,
 INSTM, Firenze, Italy
 Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
This work is a first evaluation of the validity of the frozen rotor approximation for the simulation of a stirred beaker. The agreement is good, further analysis will be carried before using the model to optimize labscale setup dedicated to IL electrochemistry.
Effect of Manufacturing Defects in the Form of Internal Leakages on the Acoustic Performance of Mufflers
D. Neihguk, A. Prasad 
 Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu, India
The presence of manufacturing defects in the form of incomplete welding and missing perforated holes leads to internal leakages in mufflers. This results into unintended acoustic impedance modifications as well as the Herschel-Quincke effect. The narrow region acoustics model of COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to simulate the thermoviscous losses associated with the leakages. The ...
S. Hidrobo , A. X. Jerves , A. Landazuri , S. D. Ballen ,
 Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador
Since the industrial demand in the energetic, mining and oil & gas sectors has increased exponentially these last decades, security standards and fire protection methods are extremely important not only for the employees, but also for the infrastructure involved in production areas and processes. Throughout the fire protection circuits on site where fossil fuels are stored and manipulated, the ...
M. Morales , , J. J. Moreno  , D. Munoz-Martin  , C. Molpeceres 
Centro Láser UPM, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) is a non-contact direct-write technique that enables the deposition of small volumes of material into user-defined high-resolution patterns with a wide range of structural and functional materials. There are many variations of the LIFT process, each differing in how the laser is absorbed and converted into the mechanical energy required for material ejection ...
B. Bunner , A. Kromidas , M. Kele , and U. Neue
Waters Corp, Milford, MA, USA
High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is a standard method in the pharmaceutical industry for the separation and identification of chemical compounds. Modeling of band transport, or band broadening phenomena, can provide tremendous insight into problems of chromatography that are difficult or impossible to measure experimentally. We used COMSOL to analyze two classes of problems in ...