# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Biomechanical Model of the Human Body in a Sitting Posture

The dynamic response of a human body in any vibration environment can be predicted using this biomechanical model. In the automobile industry for instance, this model can be used in ride quality simulation and designing vibration isolators such as seats. In this example, a biomechanical model of the human body is developed to evaluate the dynamic response to the vertical vibrations in a ...

### Simulating the Motion of a Bicycle on a Flat Surface

This model demonstrates the motion of a bicycle with a hands-free rider when given an initial forward velocity and perturbed with a lean about the forward axis. This is implemented through the Multibody Dynamics module in COMSOL. The wheels of the bicycle have been modelled assuming knife-edge contact with the ground and pure rolling constraints have been implemented. Stability analysis was ...

### Rolling of a Rigid Wheel

The purpose of this model is to demonstrate pure rolling of a rigid wheel when given an initial forward velocity together with a prescribed lean about this direction. It is assumed that the the rolling motion of the wheel is not affected by contact such that all three components of the velocity at the point of contact with the ground are zero. In order to achieve this, the velocity constraints ...

### Lumped Model of a Human Body

Several mass–spring–damper models have been developed to study the response of a human body where mass, spring, and damper elements represent mass of different body parts, stiffness, and damping properties of various tissues. In this example, a lumped model of a human body having five degrees of freedom is analyzed. The model includes the shoe-ground interaction with the human body. The Mass, ...

### Truck Mounted Crane

Many trucks are equipped with cranes for load handling. Such cranes have a number of hydraulic cylinders, controlling the motion, and several mechanisms. The cylinders and mechanisms that make up the crane are subjected to large forces when handling heavy loads. In order to determine the load carrying capacity, these forces must be computed. This model uses the Multibody Dynamics Module, ...

### Modeling a Radial Cam Based Valve Opening Mechanism

In this example, a spring-loaded valve-opening mechanism consisting of a rocker arm and a radial cam is studied. All of the system components are modeled as rigid and are connected through prismatic, hinge, and slot joints. The cam-follower connection as well as other joint connections are modeled using built-in nodes in the _Multibody Dynamics_ interface. A transient analysis is performed for ...

### Modeling of Centrifugal Governor

A centrifugal governor is used to control the speed of rotating machinery. One of the most common applications is in controlling the RPM of an engine by regulating the fuel supply. This model illustrates the functioning of a spring loaded centrifugal governor. The dynamics of the governor are analyzed under the influence of a centrifugal force, spring force, and damping force. The sleeve ...

### Differential Gear Mechanism

This model simulates the mechanism of a differential gear used in cars and other wheeled vehicles. A differential allows the outer drive wheel to rotate faster than the inner drive wheel during a turn. This is necessary when a vehicle turns in order to allow the wheel that is traveling along the outside of the turning curve to roll faster and to cover greater distance than the wheel on the ...

### Stresses and Heat Generation in Landing Gear

This model simulates the dynamics of the shock absorber used in a landing gear mechanism of an aircraft. It analyses the stresses, as well as the heat generated in the landing gear components due to the energy dissipated in the shock absorber. A prismatic joint, with spring and damper, is used to model the shock absorber assembly.

### Simulation of a Counterweight Trebuchet

In this multibody dynamics model of a simple counterweight trebuchet, a parametric sweep is used to study throwing distance as function of the sling length. For more details on performing a multibody analysis of a counterweight trebuchet, see this blog post: [What Is the Physics Behind a Counterweight Trebuchet?](/blogs/what-is-the-physics-behind-a-counterweight-trebuchet/)

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