The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Batteries & Fuel Cellsx

1D Lithium-Ion Battery Model Template

This application example is useful for investigation of the following: Voltage, polarization (voltage drop), internal resistance, state-of-charge (SOC), and rate capability, in lithium-ion batteries under isothermal conditions. Some of the listed properties play an important role in ... Read More

Edge Effects In a Spirally Wound Lithium-Ion Battery

Due to the large differences in length scales in a lithium-ion battery, with the thickness of the different layers typically being several orders of magnitude smaller than the extension in the sheet direction, a lithium-ion battery is often well represented by a one-dimensional model. ... Read More

Diffusion-Induced Stress in a Lithium-Ion Battery

Diffusion-induced stress in lithium-ion battery electrode materials can occur as a result of compositional inhomogeneities during lithium intercalation in the host material particles. These stresses are important since the electrode host material can undergo significant volume changes ... Read More

Single Particle Model of a Lithium-Ion Battery

An isothermal single particle model formulation for a lithium-ion battery is presented in this work. The single particle model is a simplification of the 1D formulation for a lithium-ion battery along with a few assumptions. The model is typically valid for low-medium current ... Read More

Lithium Battery Designer

This application can be used as a design tool to develop an optimized battery configuration for a specific application. The app computes the capacity, energy efficiency, heat generation and capacity losses due to parasitic reactions of a lithium-ion battery for a specific load cycle. ... Read More

Parameter Estimation of a Time-Dependent Lumped Battery Model

This tutorial uses a “black-box” approach to define a battery model based on a small set of lumped parameters, assuming no knowledge of the internal structure or design of the battery electrodes, or choice of materials. The input to the model is the battery capacity, the initial state ... Read More

Lithium-Ion Battery with Multiple Intercalating Electrode Materials

Lithium-ion batteries can have multiple active materials in both the positive and negative electrodes. For example, the positive electrode can have a mix of active materials such as transition metal oxides, layered metal oxides, olivines etc. These materials can have different design ... Read More

1D Isothermal Lithium-Air Battery

Rechargeable lithium-air batteries have recently attracted great interest mainly due to their high energy density. The theoretical value is about 11400 Wh/kg which is around 10 times greater than the lithium-ion batteries. In this tutorial, discharge of a lithium-air battery is ... Read More

Electrode Utilization in a Large Format Lithium-Ion Battery Pouch Cell

Large lithium-ion batteries are widely deployed in electric vehicles and for stationary energy storage applications. In the (stacked) pouch battery cell design, all current exits the cell on the cell “tabs”, and as the cell size and power increases, the voltage gradients in the highly ... Read More

1D Lithium-Ion Battery Drive-Cycle Monitoring

This application shows how a battery cell exposed to a hybrid electric vehicle drive cycle can be investigated with the Lithium-Ion Battery interface in COMSOL. This model predicts the battery behavior to make comparisons of the monitored properties. They can be used to understand the ... Read More